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We're keeping it short and simple this week by covering two of the basic Array methods that an JS developer should know: push and pop. Each of these methods impacts the end of an array, in exactly opposite ways. push adds a new item to the end of an array, and pop removes the last item in an array (while returning that item's value). Let's run through them real quick. First we'll need an array, so let's go with this code:

const movies = ['Mission: Impossible', 'Mission: Impossible 2', 'Mission: Impossible 3', 'Mission: Impossible Ghost Protocol', 'Mission: Impossible Rogue Nation'];

You'll note that we're missing the latest installment in the venerable film franchise in which Tom Cruise seems determined to actually die on set while performing his own stunts. Let's go ahead and add that in there, but—whoops!—we're going to do it with a typo. Observe:

movies.push('Mission: Impossible Falout');
console.log(movies); // MI, MI2, MI3, Ghost Protocol, Rogue Nation, Falout

As you can see, this added our poorly-spelled string to the end of the array, as expected. We could correct that by just changing the value of that particular array index, but for the sake of showing off pop, let's just remove it, like this:

const removedValue = movies.pop();
console.log(removedValue); // Mission Impossible: Falout
console.log(movies); // MI, MI2, MI3, Ghost Protocol, Rogue Nation

Note that, as I said above, pop returns a value. This way you could, for example, check that what you just removed from the array was what you actually meant to remove from the array. Seems handy!

OK, now let's put our actual, correct title back in at the end of our array, using push again:

movies.push('Mission: Impossible Fallout');
console.log(movies); // MI, MI2, MI3, Ghost Protocol, Rogue Nation, Fallout

There we go. Our data is correct. One thing you've probably noted is that these methods mutate your data, in the sense that they change the original array rather than creating a new array, the way methods like Array.map and Array.filter do (we covered the latter in JS Quick Hits 2. The former we actually haven't covered yet. Maybe soon!). This is not inherently a problem, as long as you're prepared for it, but if you prefer in general not to mutate data and instead generate new data as you make your manipulations, you can always use variable destructuring to quickly clone your array and then work on the clone, like this:

const moviesToEdit = [...movies];
for (let i = 0; i < 3; i += 1) {
console.log(movies); // MI, MI2, MI3, Ghost Protocol, Rogue Nation, Fallout
console.log(moviesToEdit); // MI, MI2, MI3

That's it for this week. Sometimes it's good to keep 'em short and simple! See you next time.

As always, you can download example files for each of these tutorials from the JS Quick Hits github repo.

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